It is one of the most necessary devices in Medicine, but it was not until the 19th century when it came out. Find out the history, present and future of the syringe.Nowadays, the syringe is an indispensable tool for hospitals and health facilities all over the world. It has enabled to efficiently and quickly inject drugs, vaccines and antibiotics. And even when it seems like a simple device, its invention has changed the course of Medicine and has contributed to save millions of lives.
In reality, it is no more than an instrument consisting of a tube with a plunger for injecting liquids into the human body. The name comes from the Latin “siringa” and the Greek “syrinx”, meaning rod or tube. The needle, as we know it today, was not created until the 19th century. Until that time, a poultice or liquid were used for introducing medicine under the skin, in other words, liquids were deposited or extracted through the rectum or the vagina.
The hollow needle or hypodermic needle was invented by two doctors at the same time. On one hand, Irish Francis Rynd invented a syringe for injecting liquid to his patients in 1844, and ten years later, Scottish Alexander Word came up with the idea of administering heroin into his wife’s nerve to alleviate her cancer pain. On the other hand, French Charles Gabriel Paravaz designed another syringe to provide people who had aneurisms with anticoagulants.
First syringes were made of metal; thereafter they were made of glass. But, despite progress, they kept causing a large number of contagions and infections, until in 1956 the first disposable syringe came out by the hand of the New Zealander veterinarian Colin Murcdoch. His design was single use only and filled with a vaccine to be administered to animals. The invention was not a success, however, only a decade later, a U.S. company achieved an overwhelming success launching the empty disposable needle.
Disposable syringes came to Spain in 1973 thanks to the aeronautical engineer Manuel Jalon Corominas, also father of the mop. The Spanish inventor was able to finance his project with the help of the same company with which he had commercialized the cleaning tool. The new model was plastic, had thinner walls, and did not get stuck. The brilliant idea revolutionized the market from a small factory in Fraga, where 20,000 units continue to be manufactured for exporting worldwide.
Throughout history, advances in syringes have not only served to save more and more people, but also to help us keep improving. arcomed, a leading global manufacturer of infusion technology, provides users with a comprehensive catalogue of syringes – of various sizes and typologies such as the opaque syringes for photosensitive drugs – and extension lines.
At the same time, from arcomed we develop all kinds of consumables for intravenous drip in volumetric format, such as infusion equipment in PVC or silicone, blood transfusion equipment, specialized sets for oncology, or some other necessary accessories, such as the filler plugs in order to comply with a risk-free infusion process.
The arcomed Syramed™ syringes count on the latest advances in innovation and safety, providing comfort and safety to patients and nursing staff. In the end, doctors, inventors and manufacturers all work together to achieve saving as many lives as possible in history, present and future.